Each year over 150,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer and about 27,000 die from the disease. Right behind lung and colon cancer, prostate cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death in the United States. In the past two decades, the incidence of prostate cancer has nearly doubled.
The prostate is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum with the urethra going through the center of it. Almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas which means they develop in glandular structures. In most cases, prostate cancer is a slow-growing disease which means there is time to consider all of the options for treatment and time to create a plan of action.
No one knows the exact cause of prostate cancer, but it is caused by the changes in the DNA of a normal prostate cell. These changes are when the cells in the prostate gland start to grow out of control. However, the size of the prostate can change as a man ages. In younger men, it is about the size of a walnut, but it can certainly be much larger in older men.
Prostate Cancer Warning Signs
It is important to see a trusted health care provider immediately if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms.
- A painful or burning sensation during urination or ejaculation
- Frequent urination (particularly at night)
- Difficulty starting or stopping urination
- Unexpected erectile dysfunction
- Blood in urine and/or semen
All men are at risk for prostate cancer, so it is important to speak with your health care provider about the time to test. A full prostate cancer exam includes a PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) blood test and a digital rectal exam (DRE). The blood test will determine the PSA levels. As PSA levels will be higher in men who have prostate cancer. A DRE will estimate the size of the prostate and detect lumps or any other abnormalities. Many free screenings are available especially, during Prostate Cancer Awareness Month.
Fight to End Prostate Cancer
Awareness, self-checkups, well exams by a physician, and fundraising are the keys to ending prostate cancer. Remember, early detection saves lives. More than 99% of men survive prostate cancer when it is caught in its early stage. New Jersey Healthcare Specialists are here to help you navigate through the process with early detection, screenings, treatments, guidance, and support.
New Jersey Healthcare Specialists are here to make your healthcare journey simple and bring further awareness to the community. Contact us today to schedule a consultation.